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Saturday, July 11, 2020 | History

4 edition of Mechanisms and phylogeny of mineralization in biological systems found in the catalog.

Mechanisms and phylogeny of mineralization in biological systems

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Published by Springer-Verlag in Tokyo, New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Biomineralization -- Congresses.,
  • Physiology, Comparative -- Congresses.,
  • Calcification, Physiologic -- congresses.,
  • Minerals -- metabolism -- congresses.,
  • Phylogeny -- congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesBiomineralization "90.
    StatementS. Suga, H. Nakahara (eds.).
    ContributionsSuga, S. 1927-, Nakahara, Hiroshi., Nihon Gakujutsu Kaigi., Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology., International Symposium on Biomineralization (6th : 1990 : Odaware-shi, Japan)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH512 .M43 1991
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiv, 517 p. :
    Number of Pages517
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2028512M
    ISBN 104431700684, 3540700684, 0387700684
    LC Control Number91004659

    The cell is defined as the fundamental, functional unit of life. Some organisms are comprised of only one cell whereas others have many cells that are organized into tissues, organs, and systems. The scientific study of the cell is called cell field deals with the cell structure and function in detail.   Manganese is a key element in environmental processes, catalytic materials, and biological systems due to its rich redox chemistry and ability to form species with a high oxidizing potential. Photochemical processes can enhance significantly the cycling of Mn between the +4, +3, and +2 valence states (1 –3).

      Mineralization of biological tissue is both strictly regulated and unique to each mineralized tissue. For each tissue, the mineral crystal in question is hydroxyapatite. The mechanisms of mineralization of bone and dentine share close similarities whereby an unmineralized matrix, osteoid or predentine, is calcified by a combination of matrix.   The typical mechanism of tyrosine nitration in biological systems is a two-step radical process: a one-electron oxidant leading to the formation of a tyrosyl radical (Equation 10), which then combines at diffusion-controlled rates with • NO 2 to yield 3-nitrotyrosine (Equation 11).

      Two mechanisms were suggested by means of which vegetal polyphenols act as antioxidants within a biological system under oxidative stress conditions [25, 26]: a mechanism according to which polyphenols act as reducing agents or electron donors, converting lipid peroxides in lipid hydroxides or phospholipid peroxides in phospholipid hydroxides. The paper, titled "metallogenic mechanism and major challenges of the subduction porphyry copper ore system", was published in the recently published Science China: Earth Sciences (vol. 50,


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Mechanisms and phylogeny of mineralization in biological systems Download PDF EPUB FB2

Various kinds of mineralization have been found in many biological systems. Investigations made at a microscopical level using various sophisticated analytical methods and using principles developed in different fields have clarified their mechanisms very much.

Sometimes, very similar phenomena have been found in the mineralized tissues of completely different biological systems. Various kinds of mineralization have been found in many biological systems.

Investigations made at a microscopical level using various sophisticated analytical methods and using principles developed in different fields have clarified their mechanisms very much.

Get this from a library. Mechanisms and phylogeny of mineralization in biological systems. [S Suga; Hiroshi Nakahara; Nihon Gakujutsu Kaigi.; Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology.;]. About this book Various kinds of mineralization have been found in many biological systems.

Investigations made at a microscopical level using various sophisticated analytical methods and using principles developed in different fields have clarified their mechanisms very much. The current status of biomineralization research is presented in this volume, which discusses such topics as its origin and evolution, the mechanisms of mineralization, interactions between cells, organic matrix and minerals, and trace element accumulation in mineralized tissues.

Abstract. Physiologic mineralization in humans involves principally the formation of carbonated hydroxyapatite [Ca 10 (PO 4,CO 3) 6 (OH) 2, HAP] crystals in bone and teeth [1].In contrast, pathologic mineralization in humans is more complicated, involving HAP. Systems biology - Systems biology - Evolution in systems biology: Ukrainian American geneticist and evolutionist Theodosius Dobzhansky noted in the 20th century that “nothing makes sense in biology except in the light of evolution.” Understanding evolution is essential to systems biology, but understanding where the information in the system came from and how it became complex also.

Use of the term "evolution" In the paper that introduced the term "mineral evolution", Robert Hazen and co-authors recognized that an application of the word "evolution" to minerals was likely to be controversial, although there were precedents as far back as the book The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks by Norman used the term in the sense of an irreversible sequence of.

In dealing with abnormal and pathological mineralization, the Workshop concentrated on urolithiasis, gout and pseudo-gout, and the formation of dental caries.

Discussions based on the influence of media of low pH on mineral surfaces highlighted some of the factors. Sawamura H., Mashimoto I. () Spontaneous Mineral Aggregations in the Circumpulpal Dentine Formation. In: Suga S., Nakahara H. (eds) Mechanisms and Phylogeny of Mineralization in Biological Systems.

Evolutionary biology concepts Exobiology and the origin of life Evolutionary mechanisms. Offering an up-to-date overview of recent findings in the field of evolutionary biology, this book is an invaluable source of information for scientists, teachers and advanced students.

Changes in the mechanisms of formation and global distribution of phyllosilicate clay minerals through Ga of planetary evolution in our solar system reflect evolving tectonic, geochemical, and biological processes.

Clay minerals were absent prior to planetesimal formation ~ billion years ago but today are abundant in all near-surface. Book • Edited by: The relationship between microorganisms and minerals can be used to determine mechanisms, causative microorganisms, and the environment in which the corrosion occurred, providing definitive evidence for MIC.

a process referred to as mineralization, occur in a large numbers of biological systems. In the human. The book provides more realistic stochastic biological system models to mimic the real biological systems in evolutionary process and then introduces network evolvability, stochastic evolutionary game theory and strategy based on nonlinear stochastic networks in evolution.

At present, the study of microbial mineralization in hydrothermal vent systems is still focused on micro-mineralization mechanism and microbial diversity, while the role of microorganisms on a macro-scale in hydrothermal deposit formations and late ore body transformation is seldom involved.

Biomineralization is mineralization that happens in biological environments in which an organic matrix or soluble biomolecules, along with biological-induced local environments, facilitate the crystallization of minerals and control their morphologies and locations of nucleation (Lowenstam &.

1. Introduction. Any systematic approach to Biology and Medicine should ideally be based on ontologic and epistemologic first principles. This has proven to be challenging until now, given the observational and descriptive nature of Biology, which Earnest Rutherford characterized as ‘stamp collecting’ [].Seen from a cellular-molecular perspective [2,3,4], homeostasis is the mechanistic.

Excretion - Excretion - Regulation of water and salt balance: The mechanisms of detoxication that animals use are related to their modes of life.

This is true, with greater force, of the mechanisms of homeostasis, the ability of organisms to maintain internal stability. A desert-living mammal constantly faces the problem of water conservation; but a freshwater fish faces the problem of getting. The stages of mineral evolution arise from three primary mechanisms: (1) the progressive separation and concentration of the elements from their original relatively uniform distribution in the pre-solar nebula; (2) an increase in range of intensive variables such as pressure, temperature, and the activities of H 2 O, CO 2, and O 2; and (3) the.

Biology and Evolution of the Mexican Cavefish features contributions by leading researchers in a comprehensive, unique work that examines a number of distinct areas of biology—evolution, development, ecology, and behavior—using the Mexican cavefish as a powerful model system to further understanding of basic biological processes such as eye degeneration, hearing, craniofacial.

Mineralization is so regular, dynamic and precisely controlled and can be approached from so many different levels and backgrounds – crystallography, mineralogy, endocrinology, cell biology, pharmacology, pathology – that the literature is enormous.

Throughout the book I touch on mineralization as a developmental process.Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution.

Despite the complexity of the science, certain unifying concepts consolidate it into a single, coherent field. Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of.Experimental results in epigenetics and related fields of biological research show that the Modern Synthesis (neo-Darwinist) theory of evolution requires either extension or replacement.

This article examines the conceptual framework of neo-Darwinism, including the concepts of ‘gene’, ‘selfish’, ‘code’, ‘program’, ‘blueprint’, ‘book of life’, ‘replicator’ and.